The 1st Amendment
Please Note: The information on this page is currently under review and updates will be posted as information is vetted.
First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is only 45 words long, yet it protects our most basic freedoms. It reads in full:
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
“But, above all else, the First Amendment means that government has no power to restrict expression because of its message, its ideas, its subject matter, or its content.”
—Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, Police Department of Chicago v. Mosley (1972)
The 1st Amendment FAQs
Generally, the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects all speech, although the following forms of speech enjoy varying degrees of lesser protection:
- What does the First Amendment protect?
- Does the First Amendment protect civil disobedience on campus?
- How do the Salisbury University Code of Community Standards relate to the First Amendment?
- What is hate speech, and is it illegal?
- What is academic freedom?
- When does speech become harassment?
- Is chalking permitted on campus?
- Are people allowed to take photographs or videos of students who are protesting?
Related Laws and Policies
" Congress shall make no law…abridging the freedom of speech …"
" No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States."
—Amendment XIV, Section 1, Making the First Amendment Applicable to State and Local Governments
" That the liberty of the press ought to be inviolably preserved; that every citizen of the State ought to be allowed to speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that privilege."
—Maryland Declaration of Rights, article 40
Salisbury University Policies
University System of Maryland Policies