Carbon Footprint Report
A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact our activities have on the
environment, and in particular climate change. The carbon footprint is a sum of
greenhouse gases (GHG) produced by various campus activities through the burning
of fossil fuels, electricity use, transportation, etc. and is frequently called
a GHG inventory. Once the size of the carbon footprint is known, a strategy can
be developed to reduce or eliminate it. These reduction strategies include
improved efficiency, better technology, behavior changes, policy changes,
reforestation, and incorporating renewable energy.
Click to enlarge image
The Association of College and University Presidents Climate Commitment
(ACUPCC) established protocols for emission measurement includes three “scopes”
or general categories of sources. According to the
ACUPCC Implementation Guide:
- Scope 1:
GHG emissions are "from sources that are owned or controlled by
the institution, including: on-campus stationary combustion of
fossil fuels; mobile combustion of fossil fuels by institution
owned/controlled vehicles; and "fugitive" emissions. Fugitive
emissions result from intentional or unintentional releases of
GHGs, including the leakage of HFCs from refrigeration and air
conditioning equipment as well as the release of CH4
from institution-owned farm animals.
- Scope 2:
Emissions are "indirect emissions generated in the production of
electricity consumed by the institution."
- Scope 3:
Emissions are "a consequence of the activities of the
institution, but occur from sources not owned or controlled by
the institution" such as commuting, air travel for university
activities, waste disposal; embodied emissions from extraction,
production, and transportation of purchased goods; outsourced
activities; contractor owned- vehicles; and line loss from
electricity transmission and distribution."
In 2008, Salisbury University conducted a GHG inventory for
FY2008 in accordance with the standards of the ACUPCC. In addition, an
inventory was developed for
FY2005, which was established as a baseline year for tracking progress
toward emission reduction.
At a glance, approximately two-thirds of the GHG emissions result from
electricity, heating and cooling buildings. And nearly one third of our
emissions are associated with transportation and commuting by our students,
faculty and staff. Inventories have also been developed for 2010 and 2011. Going
forward, GHG inventories will be completed on alternating years, at a minimum.
Publicly reported GHG inventories may be