University Police
Holloway Hall

SUBSTANCE ABUSE


Health Risks

Substance abuse is now recognized as the number one public health problem in the United States. Approximately 30 percent of all admissions to general hospitals and 50 percent of psychiatric institutions have detectable substance abuse. Substance abuse accounts for approximately 150,000 deaths annually. This includes deaths from stroke, diseases of the heart and liver, and all alcohol and drug related suicides, homicides and accidents. Early detection can minimize or prevent the devastating consequences of substance abuse.

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Wellness Programs of Student Health Services

Student Health Services offers alcohol and other drug education programs and information. Peer educators design and implement programs overseen by the wellness coordinator.

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Policies and Sanctions for Students

The University actively supports applicable county, state and federal laws pertaining to the illegal use of alcohol and drugs. Violations of the University's Code of Conduct-which involve the unlawful possession, use or distribution of drugs or alcohol, or alcohol abuse by students-will result in disciplinary action up to and including expulsion from the University. Such disciplinary action does not preclude civil and/or criminal prosecution under county, state or federal laws.

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Policies and Sanctions for Employees

General Policy

The State of Maryland establishes and adopts the following Substance Abuse Policy for the executive branch of state government (under Executive Order 01.01.1991.16):

  • The State of Maryland is committed to making good faith efforts to ensure a safe, secure and Drug Free Workplace Act as enacted by Congress.
  • All employees in the workplace must be capable of performing their duties.
  • Employees experiencing substance abuse problems are encouraged to seek assistance through their employer, self referral to the employer's employee assistance program, or self referral to an alternative certified rehabilitation program.

An appointing authority may not hire anyone whom it knows currently abuses drugs or alcohol. Employees are prohibited from abusing alcohol or drugs, committing a controlled dangerous substance offense, or committing an alcohol driving offense.

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Applicable Legal Sanctions

Students and employees at Salisbury University are subject to federal, state and local laws regarding the possession and distribution of illegal drugs. Federal Law 21 USCA, sections 841 and 844, states that it is unlawful to possess, manufacture, distribute or dispense a controlled substance.  In addition, the state of Maryland has its own laws dealing with distribution, manufacturing, and possession of controlled substances. Maryland law (Sections 5-601, 5-602 and 5-607, Criminal Law Article) states that any persons who unlawfully manufacture, distribute, dispense or possess a controlled dangerous substance may be subject to imprisonment up to 5 years and fines up to $25,000.

Students and employees of Salisbury University are subject to state laws for possessing, consuming and obtaining alcohol.  It is illegal in the state of Maryland for any person under 21 to falsify or misrepresent his or her age to obtain alcohol or to possess alcoholic beverages with the intent to consume them. It is also illegal in most situations to furnish alcohol to a person under 21 or to obtain alcohol on behalf of a person under 21. The penalty is a fine of up to $500 for a first offense and up to $1,000 for repeat offenses. Under section TR16-113 of the Maryland Annotated Code, licensees under the age of 21 years are prohibited from driving or attempting to drive a motor vehicle while having alcohol in the licensee's blood. Violation of this license restriction may result in a license suspension or revocation and/or a fine.

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Alcohol Abuse Policy

Working under the influence of alcohol is a violation of this policy and shall subject the employee to disciplinary action.

An employee charged with an alcohol driving offense must report a finding of guilty, an acceptance of a plea of nolo contendere, or a probation before judgment to the employee's appointing authority within five workdays.

A sensitive employee shall be suspended for 15 days and required to participate successfully in an alcohol treatment program designated by an employee assistance program the first time the employee is:

  • convicted of an at-the-workplace alcohol driving offense or
  • found under the influence of alcohol while at the workplace.

A sensitive employee convicted of an off-the-workplace alcohol driving offense and a non-sensitive employee convicted of any alcohol driving offense shall:

  • on the first conviction, be referred to an employee assistance program and, in addition, be subject to any other appropriate disciplinary actions;
  • on the second conviction, at a minimum, be suspended for at least five days, be referred to an employee assistance program, be required to participate successfully in a treatment program and, in addition, be subject to any other appropriate disciplinary actions, up to and including termination; and
  • on the third conviction, be terminated.

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Drug Abuse Policy

Working under the inappropriate influence of prescription drugs or over-the- counter drugs is a violation of this policy and shall subject the employee to disciplinary action.

Working under the influence of a controlled dangerous substance is a violation of this policy and shall subject the employee to disciplinary action.

An employee charged with a controlled dangerous substance offense shall report a finding of guilty, an acceptance of a plea of nolo contendere, or a probation before judgment to the appointing authority within five workdays.

A sensitive employee convicted of any controlled dangerous substance offense shall be terminated.

A sensitive employee who tests positive for a controlled dangerous substance as a result of a random drug test shall be suspended for 15 workdays and be required to successfully participate in a drug treatment program designated by an employee assistance program, as provided for by the appointing authority's drug testing protocol.

A sensitive employee who abuses a legally prescribed drug or an over-the- counter drug shall, on the first offense:

  • be suspended for five workdays and
  • be required to participate successfully in a drug treatment program designated by an employee assistance program.

Any employee otherwise in violation of this policy shall be subject to appropriate progressive disciplinary actions up to and including termination.

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Law Enforcement

When an appointing authority learns or, based on observation or reliable information, suspects that an employee has committed a controlled dangerous substance or alcohol offense at the workplace, the appointing authority shall refer the matter to an appropriate law enforcement authority for further investigation and prosecution.

All employees shall cooperate fully with law enforcement authorities in the investigation and prosecution of suspected criminal violations.

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Employee Education

All appointing authorities shall educate and inform their employees about:

  • the dangers of drug and alcohol abuse in the workplace and the community at large;
  • the State of Maryland's policy of maintaining a drug-free workplace;
  • any drug and alcohol abuse counseling, rehabilitation and employee assistance program that is available; and
  • the penalties that may be imposed upon employees for violations of this Executive Order.

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Implementation

The secretary of personnel and the head of every other personnel system in the executive branch shall adopt such policies and regulations as are necessary or desirable for the implementation of this Executive Order.

All appointing authorities are responsible for implementing, enforcing and monitoring compliance with the requirements of this Executive Order.

All employees are required to acknowledge receipt of a copy of this Executive Order by returning an acknowledgment of receipt to their supervisor for insertion in their personnel file.

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Drug‑Free Workplace Policy

Salisbury University, as an employer, strives to maintain a workplace free from illegal use, possession or distribution of controlled substances (as defined pursuant to Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. Sections 802, et seq.). Unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession or use of controlled substances by University employees in the workplace is prohibited under University policy.

In addition to any legal penalties under federal and state law, employees found to be in violation of this policy may be subject to corrective action under applicable University personnel policies.

The University supports programs aimed at the prevention of substance abuse by University employees. Employees are encouraged to seek assistance for substance-dependency problems. Employee assistance counseling and leaves of absence to attend rehabilitation programs are appropriate means for dealing with these problems. To determine the availability of such prevention programs, including counseling, inquiries should be directed to the Human Resources Office or Student Counseling Services.

Approved January 2, 1989

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Alcohol and Other Drug Programs

The University provides an effective Alcohol and other Drug Education Program which is offered to students who violate both on and off-campus alcohol or marijuana policies and laws.  The University works with the Office of the State’s Attorney, the University and Residence Life Judicial Boards, faculty, coaches, and other administrators to provide education to approximately 500 students annually.  The program is well-regarded within the local court system and utilized by the state’s attorney and judges.  For more information contact Student Health Services at 410-543-6262 or visit www.salisbury.edu/health/services/alcohol-drug-programs.html

University resources to support preventive and educational outreach efforts have improved due to the development of a risk management/wellness educator position who works with Greek organizations, student athletes, residence hall staff and other campus entities to provide programs and services.  Offices within Student Affairs have worked both internally and with academic departments to pool remaining resources to try to meet basic education needs.  These efforts include:

  1. The Office of New Student Experience co-sponsors large campus events with other campus offices that are mandatory for new students to attend at the beginning of their college experience.  Date rape, alcohol and other drugs, DUI, STD and pregnancy prevention are topics typically covered.
  2. The Office of Student Activities and Organizations co-sponsors events throughout the academic year that address these topics and are related to academic and co-curricular efforts including course-based instruction and national awareness months.
  3. Student Health Services works with instructors in the Physical Education department, Health Education track, Psychology, Nursing and other academic departments to provide in-class presentations and campus events like Wellness Day.  Examples of academic in-class experiences addressing alcohol and other drug issues include:

a. General Psychology - effects of use on the brains

b. Abnormal Psychology - additions and treatment

c. Psych 313 - Drugs and Behavior

d. Nursing - assessment, intervention and treatment

e. Nursing - adolescent health and use

f. Nursing - adult medicine and social consequences

g. Music - wellness in performance

h. Social Work - alcohol intervention and treatment issues

i. PE 106 - high risk behaviors (required for graduation

Salisbury University Alcohol and Other Drug Programs Bi-annual Review 2007 - 2008 (Wellness Report)

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