(Silybum marianum or Cardui marianum)
Annual/biennial plant that grows 5-10 ft, with shiny green leaves with
white veins. It produces a flower head that is reddish-purple from
June to August.
Seeds, fruits, and leaves
promotes bile production
flavinolignans, known as silymarin. It alters liver cell membranes
to prevent the uptake of toxins, antioxidant properties, regenerates liver
cells. Also produces anti-infammatory activity, enhances immune
function, increases bile secretions and may lower cholesterol production.
Standardized extracts - 35-70 mg three/times/day
Average dose - 280-420
Tincture - 3-12 ml daily
Effects: Rare, except for
mild diarrhea, and allergic reactions if hypersenitive to the Asteraceae/Compositae
family. (daisy, marigolds, ragweed, etc.)
Contraindications: Severe liver disease.
Pregnancy and lactation.
Onset of effects is usually 5-8 days, with
reversal of damage in 1-2 months. Remission of chronic hepatitis
is 6 months - 1 year.
Teas are largely ineffective due to silymarin
in Milk Thistle isn't water soluble.
liver function test.