Description: A evergreen plant with a pine like odor.
Part used: Components
of the seeds and stems
colds and allergies
appetite suppressant (weight loss)
fever, chills and flu symptoms
Primarily acts as the body's own epinephrine (adrenaline). However,
it is weaker. It produces bronchodilation, similar to most beta2
agonists. It also produces cardiovascular effects similar to beta1
receptors. It causes appetite suppression and increases metabolic
mg of total alkaloids of ephedrine, with max dose
Tea - one cup/3times/day
Tincture - (1:1) given 5
gms per dose.
Extract - 1-3 ml 3
FDA prohibits the sale of ephedra in quantities of 8 mg or more per
dose. They advises to take less than 8 mg every 6 hours with no more
than 24 mg daily. They also advise that it should not be taken no
more than 7 consecutive days.
Effects: Misuse can cause deaths. Also can lead to
hypertension, nervousness, insomnia, palpitations, hyperglycemia,
and anxiety. These side effects are
Interaction with other
Drugs: Theophylline, digitalis, diabetes therapy, steroids, cardiac
Contraindications: In pregnancy due to
uterine activity. Also in individuals who suffer from anxiety,
anorexia/bulimia disorders, hypertension, heart disease and diabetes.
patients with heart disease, high BP, thyroid disease, and diabetes to not
Warn patients if they are on MAOI medications
that Ma Huang should not be used, as well as St. John's Wort that also
produces MAOI activity.
Patients should not use for more than seven
The potential for misuse, overuse,
abuse of Ma Huang has led to serious consequences and even death. The
FDA has found more than 800 cases, including 17 deaths, from adverse