Cultural Competency and Haitian Immigrants

 

Biocultural Ecology: The look and biology of Haitians

Purnell's Model

Overview/Heritage:
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Communication
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Family roles & organization
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Workforce issues

Biocultural ecology

High-risk behaviors

Nutrition
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Pregnancy

Death rituals

Spirituality
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Health care practices
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Health care practitioners

References

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  • Haitians are genetically similar to African Americans. Most frequently they have tight curled hair, and eyes that are dark in color. Body hair is not thick.15  To explore more biologic variations see information on African-Americans.

  • Despite their similar appearance to African Americans, Haitian immigrants do not identify with this group. To Haitians, race is often the same as nation, and they will identify themselves as Haitians.27 

  • Life expectancy in Haiti is 49.55 years.14  

  • Diseases that are common for Haitians include:  

    • Malnutrition 15, 26, 32, 42, 48

    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases 15, 16, 21, 32, 35, 42, 49     

    • Cancer (most prevalent are cervical, hepatic, gastrointestinal, and Kaposi's sarcoma 15, 32, 35)

    • Tuberculosis 15, 16, 21, 26, 35, 36, 42, 49, 50 

    • Vector borne diseases like malaria, dengue, and lymphatic filariasis 16, 21, 26, 32, 42, 49, 50 

    • Diarrheal diseases 16, 32, 48  

    • Parasites 21, 26, 42, 49    

    • Typhoid 36, 50

    • Hypertension 15, 32


Copyright  2003