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Holloway Hall

Chemistry 403/413 - Seminar - Module 5

Documenting in ACS Style

 

Scholarship

Main Entry:  schol*ar*ship
Pronunciation: /-ship/
Function: noun
Date: circa 1536

1: the character, qualities, activity, or attainments of a scholar: learning
2: a fund of knowledge and learning <drawing on the scholarship of the ancients>
(Taken from Meriam-Webster online: www.m-w.com)

As a chemistry scholar you rely on the work of other chemists and biochemists (and other scientists in general) to provide background information, relevant arguments, and information on their own research that will either help to support or disprove your thesis.  Academic honesty is a crucial component of all scholarship, and it has long been a standard practice of academia and science to give credit to others when using their work.  Failing to do so - even by accident - is considered plagiarism. 

Salisbury University not only has a SU-wide "Promise" that all incoming students are asked to adhere to, but also like many other universities it has a formal policy concerning academic integrity.  Among other things it states that:

Integrity is a principle that permeates all the activities of the University and guides the behavior of faculty, students and staff. The spirit of academic integrity denotes adherence to the precept that “one’s work is one’s own.” The process by which integrity is upheld assumes clear communication of University expectations, standards and policies and clear communication of students’ and faculty’s rights and responsibilities. This policy applies to both undergraduate and graduate students.  

Even more specifically, the University has set specific guidelines intended to outline, identify, and thereby prevent all forms of intentional or unintentional plagiarism:  

Plagiarism  

Students are responsible for learning proper scholarly procedures which require that all quoted material be identified by quotation marks or indentation on the page, and the source of information and ideas, if from another, must be identified and be attributed to that source.  Acts of plagiarism include but are not limited to: 

   intentionally or unintentionally deceiving or disregarding proper scholarly procedures;

   participating in illicit collaboration with other individuals in the completion of course assignments; 

   presenting information, thoughts or ideas from another source as if they are your own, or without giving appropriate attribution; 

   other acts generally recognized as plagiarism.

 

The full Academic Integrity policy can be viewed on the campus website via the following link:  www.salisbury.edu/provost/AcademicIntegrityPolicy-new7-09.html

 

Clearly understanding the steps required in research and being organized will help you to avoid the pitfalls of accidental plagiarism.  Fully documenting your sources will also make a tremendous difference when it comes to avoiding plagiarism.  Salisbury currently supports two different citation management software programs:  Zotero and EndNote Web. 

 

Documenting In American Chemical Society Citation Style

The current ACS Style Guide is the 3rd Edition, published in 2006.  This citation style (there are dozens of various citation styles - each Below are the more common citation types and examples of each:

Books

Book by a single author Chang, R. General Chemistry: The Essential Concepts, 3rd ed.; McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2003.
Edited Book Gbalint-Kurti, G. G. Wavepacket Theory of Photodissociation and Reactive Scattering. In Advances in Chemical Physics; Rice, S. A., Ed.; Wiley: New York, 2004; Vol. 128; p 257.
Book in Series Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Chemistry, Nutrition, and Health Effects; Shahidi, F., Finley, J. W., Eds.; ACS Symposium Series 788; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2001.
Article from a reference book Powder Metallurgy. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed.; Wiley: New York, 1982; Vol. 19, pp 28-62.
 

 

Journals

Article in a scientific journal Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 10033-10046.
Article in a popular/non-scientific magazine Manning, R. Super Organics. Wired, May 2004, pp 176-181.
Article from an online journal Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007, 11, 383-393 http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug 23, 2007).
 

 

Online*

 
Web page National Library of Medicine. Environmental Health and Toxicology: Specialized Information Services. http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro.html (accessed Aug 23, 2004).
Article from an online journal Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007, 11, 383-393 http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug 23, 2007).
Article from full text database Begley, S. When Does Your Brain Stop Making New Neurons? Newsweek [Online] July 2, 2007, p 62. Expanded Academic Index. http:/galegroup.com (accessed Aug 23, 2007).
Article published online in advance Chung, J.M. and Peacock-Lopez, E. Cross-diffusion in the Templator model of chemical self-replication. Phys. Lett. A [Online early access]. DOI:10.1016/j.physleta.2007.04.114. Published Online: June 12, 2007. http://www.sciencedirect.com (accessed Aug 23, 2007).
Computer Program SciFinder Scholar, version 2007; Chemical Abstracts Service: Columbus, OH, 2007; RN 58-08-2 (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

*  Different web browsers break the text in different places of a URL. The URL should begin on the same line as the rest of the citation information, with a break inserted after a slash, if needed.

Source:  Williams College Libraries; Citation Style Guides; Williams College Libraries, Williamstown, MA, USA.  http://library.williams.edu/citing/styles/acs.php

 

Punctuation and consistency are key when it comes to citation work, so work slowly and carefully - all of these tiny details really do matter.  If you don't understand the various parts of the document you are working with (who is the author, who published the book, etc.) then it's much better to ask then just to guess.  These things aren't always as straightforward as they could be, and they're frequently tricky - so clarifying before moving ahead with your research is always considered a best practice. 

 

QUIZ

Name:

Email:

Chemistry 403/413 Professor:

1.  Go into one of the databases that we discussed in Module 3a and perform another basic search on any chemistry topic of your choice.  

Choose any article that catches your interest, and cite it in ACS format, following the citation examples above. 

 

2 Now that you have found and cited a basic journal article, repeat your search using Google (*not* Google Scholar - just plain Google.  What you are looking for here is a web page, NOT a scholarly article found via a commercial search engine!)  Find an on-topic web page that looks appropriate for this exercise, and cite it in the box below in ACS format, following the citation examples above.