Strep throat is caused by the bacteria Beta Streptococci Group A. These bacteria can cause rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis, a kidney disease. These complications are rare, but they do occur often enough to warrant prevention.
Diagnosis of strep throat may be suspected, but requires a throat culture to confirm. Throat cultures show:
Diagnosis of strep may be suspected, but should be confirmed with either a rapid strep test done in the office, or a strep culture which is sent to a medical laboratory.
Beta Street Group A sore throats should be treated with an antibiotic for a full ten (10) days. For other pathogenic bacteria, antibiotic use is optional depending upon the bacteria and severity of the illness.