Student Health Services
Holloway Hall

Acute Care: Injuries and Illnesses

FLU-INFLUENZA

Causes

  • Virus-influenza A, B or C viruses with many viral strains of each. Influenza A is the most virulent.
  • These viruses attack the lining of the respiratory tract (nose, throat, bronchi, lungs) and cause them to become swollen and inflamed.
  • The symptoms usually appear 18-36 hours after exposure to the virus. It is spread by coughing and inhalation of the virus.

Back to Top

Symptoms

  • Fever, chills, headache, and body aches which last from 1 to 3 days.
  • Cough - which may last 7 to 10 days.
  • Fatigue and weakness which may last for 2 weeks depending on your general health and how closely you follow the prescribed treatment.

Back to Top

Treatment

  • Bed rest while the fever lasts.
  • Drink large quantities of fluids.
  • Tylenol, two tablets, every 4 to 6 hours for fever over 101 degrees and general aches.
  • Cough medicine. This may be purchased over the counter. Follow the package directions.
  • Humidfy the air of the home or room with a vaporizer or steam from a pan on the stove or hearing unit.

Back to Top

Seek Medical Attention If You Have Any of the Following:

  • Fever over 101 degrees lasting longer than 3 days.
  • Coughing up blood or greenish-yellow mucus.
  • Severe nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
  • Severe or persistent abdominal or chest pain.
  • Chronic illness such as diabetes, lung, heart or kidney disease.

Back to Top