Geography and Geosciences
What is Geography/Geoscience?
Geography traditionally emphasizes the "where". Geographers study the nature and character of places to further an understanding of the world by examining the interactions between the economic, cultural, and the physical environment of a place. Because geography stresses the "where", all geographers take courses in map making and spatial analysis. Modern mapping or Geographic Information Science is computer-based so most majors also develop a computer competency.
Possible/Typical Job Titles
*Denotes additional education required
Typical Places of Employment
State, regional and local government
Depts. of State
Defense & Commerce
Publishers (textbooks and maps)
Real estate developers
Scientific and research groups
Central Intelligence Agency
Bureau of Census
Colleges and Universities
International Trade Org.
Natural resource management
Private sector industries
Private sector consultants
Social policy agencies
Retailing and marketing
Teaching in secondary and tertiary education
Human management and public relations
Graduate studies and research
Required Skills and Abilities
Writing material for publication, for example, scientific and general publications, reports, environmental impact statements, textbooks, grant proposals
Studying physical and human geography
Develop theories on how humans adapt to environmental conditions and analyze how they alter their environment
Apply non-intrusive methods
Communicate across cultures
Surveying & sampling
Identify value systems
Utilize statistical applications
Making and manipulating maps to understand patterns and processes
Analyzing geographic contexts of specific activities/issues
Working on community and other collaborative projects
Plan long-term projects
Gather & organize data
Develop project designs
Understand group dynamics
Write grant proposals
Observe human interactions
Conduct field studies
(Listed below are examples of SU Alumni and their Jobs in this major-For more alumni resources, go to
Emergency Preparedness Specialist
NYC Office of Emergency Management
East Carolina University Research Assistant
The Boeing Co Geoscientist
Related Links: Further Explore this Career Field Professional Associations:
Other Career-Related Links:
10 GIS Career Tips to Help Find a GIS Job
Building a GIS Career
Career Options for Geology Majors
Career Options for Meteorologists
How do I know if I should major in Geography?
Geographers at Work-Created as an ongoing series of profiles of geography graduates working in business, industry, and government to assist in answering the most frequently ask question, "What can I do with a degree in geography?"
Geologist Career Information with Education Requirements
Geoscientists - Career, Salary and Education Information
GIS JOBS and GIS Careers
Meteorologist Job Description, Career as a Meteorologist, Salary, Employment
Where Do Geographers Work?
A Sample of Careers by Geographic Fields: Economic Geography, Environmental Geography, Geographic Technology, Human and Cultural Geography, Physical Geography, Regional Geography and Urban and Regional Planning.
Learn what geographers and other geospatial professionals do at work?
All About Careers in the Atmospheric and Related Sciences
Consider a Career in Planning
What skills does a GIS Analyst need?
Geography and GeoScience Career Information
GeoScientist from the Occupational Outlook Handbook
for Geography Students at SU Sample Resumes
What is an Environmental Geologist?
What is a Geologist?
What is a GIS Specialist? Professional Organizations And Resources for Geographers