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What is it?

  • Neuroscience generally includes all scientific fields involving the nervous system including Psychology even though Psychology may be considered a sub-field of neuroscience. However, some mind/body theorists argue that the definition goes the other way. Neuroscience uses molecular biology techniques in exploring all aspect of the structure and function of the nervous system.

  • Neuroscience is a versatile degree that allows one to be involved in different areas of neurobiological related research including spinal cord research.

  • Neurological and psychiatric disorders affect a growing number of individuals—nearly one in five Americans in a given year and more than two billion people worldwide. Furthermore, the scope of neuroscience is vast—ranging from the most basic cellular-level research to translational medicine—and many unanswered questions remain. Interesting niche areas have emerged in neuroscience research such as neuroeconomics, neuromarketing, and neural networks. Together, these factors make neuroscience one of the more exciting and opportunity-laden fields in which to pursue a scientific career

Academic Programs

Most programs are graduate programs that offer MSc and PhD degrees.

Career Prospective

Those with PhD training in this area usually end up in private or academic research. The type of research is basic science research so those who are thinking about this field should be aware that the research is mostly basic science research. For more information please refer to the Association of Neuroscience Departments and Programs.

Education in neuroscience prepares students for a wide range of career paths.  Since the brain is involved in every important human endeavor, understanding brain function and dysfunction is critical in many fields, including medicine, psychology, law, engineering, education, and public policy.  Since neuroscience is a highly interdisciplinary field, students learn to incorporate knowledge from many levels (from molecules to man) to solve complex problems.  Rigorous training in a highly relevant field provides neuroscience students with a wide range of career options.

Traditional Neuroscience Careers


General term for someone who studies the nervous system.


Studies the structure (anatomy) of the nervous system.


Studies the biology of the nervous system.


Studies the chemistry (for example, neurotransmitters) of the nervous system.

Neurological Surgeon

An M.D. who performs surgery on the nervous system (brain, spinal, nerves).


An M.D. who diagnoses and treats disorders of the nervous system.


An M.D. or Ph.D. who studies diseases of the nervous system.


Studies the action of drugs on the nervous system and/or behavior.


Studies the physiology (electrical responses) of the nervous system.


Studies brain/behavior relationships especially cognitive function.


Uses imaging methods such as X-ray, MRI, CT and angiography to diagnose diseases of the nervous system.

Biological Psychologist

Studies the neural basis of behavior.


M.D. who diagnoses and treats mental disorders.

Neuroscience Nurse

Nurse who cares for patients with neurological disorders and assists other neuroscience-related health care professionals.


Measures perceptual abilities.

Electroneurodiagnostic Technician

Records electrical activity from the brain (electroencephalograms; evoked potentials) and spinal cord.

Other Careers that benefit from a Neuroscience Perspective


Occupational Therapy


Speech Pathology

Veterinary Medicine

Drug Rehabilitation


Computer Science


Machine Learning

Pharmaceutical Sales

Artificial Intelligence


Neural Engineering

Assistive technology

Electrical Engineering

Hospital Administration






Special Education

Public Policy

Physical Therapy

Government Regulatory Agencies (FDA, EPA, etc.)

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