What is Geography?
Geography is the science of
place and space. Geographers ask where things are
located on the surface of the earth, why they are
located where they are, how places differ from one
another, and how people interact with the environment.
There are two main branches of
geography: human geography and physical
geography. Human geography is concerned with the
spatial aspects of human existence - how people and
their activity are distributed in space, how they use
and perceive space, and how they create and sustain the
places that make up the earth's surface. Human
geographers work in the fields of urban and regional
planning, transportation, marketing, real estate,
tourism, and international business.
Physical geographers study patterns
of climates, land forms, vegetation, soils, and water.
They forecast the weather, manage land and water
resources, and analyze and plan for forests, rangelands,
and wetlands. Many human and physical geographers have
skills in cartography and Geographic Information Systems
Geographers also study the linkages
between human activity and natural systems. Geographers
were, in fact, among the first scientists to sound the
alarm that human-induced changes to the environment were
beginning to threaten the balance of life itself. They
are active in the study of global warming,
desertification, deforestation, loss of biodiversity,
groundwater pollution, and flooding.
From the AAG (http://www.aag.org/Careers/What_is_geog.html)